One of the unique things about the continuous space missions that are constantly happening is that many of them are conducting science experiments.  These science experiments often try to see how life on Earth functions in space, and  some of the results are astounding.


In one article recently posted  on the Plos One journal, studies were conducted on a fungal pathogen sent into space.  Candida albicans, which is commonly found in our mouths and intestines, was cultured in space and compared to samples here on  Earth.  Besides where the samples were grown, all other conditions were the same.  Here is a sample of the journal:


“Microarray analysis revealed that C. albicans subjected to short-term spaceflight culture differentially regulated 452 genes compared to synchronous ground controls, which represented 8.3% of the analyzed ORFs. Spaceflight-cultured C. albicans–induced genes involved in cell aggregation (similar to flocculation), which was validated by microscopic and flow cytometry analysis. We also observed enhanced random budding of spaceflight-cultured cells, as opposed to bipolar budding patterns for ground samples, in accordance with the gene expression data.”


You can read more at Plosone.org